Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State". The state tree is the longleaf pine, and the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery. The largest city by population is Birmingham, which has long been the most industrialized city; the largest city by land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana.
Alabama is known under different nicknames; aka Alabama the Beautiful, or Cotton Plantation State, or Cotton State, or Heart of Dixie (used on license plates), or Lizard State, or Sweet Home Alabama, or Yellowhammer State and detailed official information about Alabama can be found on the homepage at www. alabama.gov.
Alabama is located in the south-eastern part of USA flanked with Florida from south, Georgia from east, Tennessee from north, and Mississippi from west. However, south-west part of Alabama makes coastline with Gulf of Mexico. There is interesting unofficial nickname that most of the Americans love to call i.e. Yellowhammer state after the state bird. The capital city of Alabama is Montgomery, but the largest city in terms of population is Birmingham and the largest city in terms total land area is Huntsville. Mobile is the oldest city that had been founded by French colonists.
The state has 30th rank in total land area and 23rd in terms of population among the all states of USA. Its geographical position facilitates humid subtropical climate. With the close proximity with Gulf of Mexico, the southern region of state more frequently faces fatal hurricane and tropical storm.
The Alabama state is quite developed. Its economy is largely depending upon the agriculture, and primary and secondary activities. The railways and roadways are fairly developed as shown on the given Alabama state map that connects every city of Alabama and also with the cities of neighboring states.
Every family needs to visit the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute in their lifetime. Recommended for families with teens, the museum tells the story of America's Civil Rights Movement through interactive displays, videos and artifacts. Among the exhibits is a recreation of the prison cell from which Martin Luther King Jr. penned the famous "Letter from Birmingham Jail." The two important rivers i.e. Mississippi and Tennessee flow though the state. The well managed water system supports the agriculture and fulfills other water requirements of the state.
The US State Alabama occupies 131,173 m², about 1,43 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Alabama with 4,874,747 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 9,62 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 980,859 fewer people. The capital Montgomery alone has 197,337 inhabitants.
Montgomery is the site of many landmark civil rights events, like the Montgomery bus boycotts throughout 1955 and 1956 and the Selma-to-Montgomery March for voting rights in 1965. The nation’s oldest baseball field, Rickwood Field, which opened in 1910, is located in Birmingham.
Alabama is the thirtieth-largest state in the United States with 52,419 square miles (135,760 km²) of total area: 3.2% of the area is water, making Alabama 23rd in the amount of surface water, also giving it the second-largest inland waterway system in the United States. About three-fifths of the land area is a gentle plain with a general descent towards the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. The North Alabama region is mostly mountainous, with the Tennessee River cutting a large valley and creating numerous creeks, streams, rivers, mountains, and lakes.Alabama is bordered by the states of Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama has coastline at the Gulf of Mexico, in the extreme southern edge of the state. The state ranges in elevation from sea level at Mobile Bay to over 1,800 feet (550 m) in the Appalachian Mountains in the northeast.