Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and median household income in the United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. It is part of New England, although portions of it are often grouped with New York and New Jersey as the Tri-state area. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of an Algonquian word for "long tidal river". Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers.
Connecticut is known under different nicknames; aka Constitution State (official, used on license plates), or Nutmeg State, or Provision State, or Blue Law State, or Freestone State, or Land of Steady Habits and detailed official information about Connecticut can be found on the homepage at www. ct.gov.
As shown in the given Connecticut location map that Connecticut is located in the north-eastern region of the country. Connecticut is the part of New England region. Connecticut map also shows that it shares its border with New York in the east, Massachusetts in the north, and Rhode Island in the east. Besides, Connecticut also shares its coastline with Atlantic Ocean. The climate type of state is temperate.
The capital city of Connecticut is Hartford; however, the largest city is Bridgeport. Other important cities are New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, and Norwalk.
Important economic sectors of the state are agriculture, industries, and other financial activities. The significant agriculture produces are nursery stock, eggs, and lobster (shellfish), cattle, dairy products; and tobacco. And, the important industries are transportation equipment, particularly helicopters, aircraft parts, and nuclear submarines; military weaponry; heavy industrial machinery and electrical equipment; fabricated metal products; chemical and pharmaceutical products; and scientific instruments.
Stepping into Mystic Seaport is like stepping back in time. Once a shipbuilding hub, it's been preserved to look just as it did in colonial times; in fact, some of Connecticut's most historic buildings were moved to Mystic Seaport as part of its conservancy. Today, your family can explore its whimsical stores and cafes and even tour some of the ships.
The US State Connecticut occupies 12,542 m², about 0,14 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Connecticut with 3,588,184 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 5,36 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 480,608 fewer people. The capital Hartford alone has 123,401 inhabitants.
Hartford became the sole capital of Connecticut in 1875. Originally, both New Haven and Hartford were capital cities, starting in 1701. Bridgeport Harbor is one of three deep-water ports in the state. Bridgeport has just over 145,000 residents.
Half of Connecticut was initially part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English. Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. This was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule in the American Revolution. Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, and the fourth most densely populated of the 50 states. It is known as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", and the "Land of Steady Habits". It was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States. The Connecticut River, Thames River, and ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition which continues today. The state also has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford and hedge funds in Fairfield County.