Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City. Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also appear on the state flag); as the "Sagebrush State", for the native plant of the same name; and as the "Sage-hen State". Nevada is largely desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U.S. federal government, both civilian and military. Nevada is almost entirely within the Basin and Range Province, and is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin. Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter. Occasionally, moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; Pacific storms may blanket the area with snow. The state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F (52 °C) in Laughlin (elevation of 605 feet or 184 meters) on June 29, 1994. The Humboldt River crosses the state from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock. Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker, Truckee, and Carson rivers. All of these rivers are endorheic basins, ending in Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, and the Carson Sink, respectively. However, not all of Nevada is within the Great Basin. Tributaries of the Snake River drain the far north, while the Colorado River, which also forms much of the boundary with Arizona, drains much of southern Nevada.
Nevada is known under different nicknames; aka Battle Born State (refers to the fact that Nevada joined the Union during the Civil War), or Sagebrush State, or Silver State (used on license plates), or Casino State and detailed official information about Nevada can be found on the homepage at www. nv.gov.
The given Nevada location map shows that Nevada is located in the south-western part of US. Map of Nevada also illustrates that it shares its state borders with Utah in the east, Idaho and Oregon in the north, California in the west, and Arizona in the south-east.
Most of the areas of Nevada are desert located in the Great Basin area. Capital city of Nevada is Carson City; however, about two-thirds population of state lives in and around the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Interestingly, the state name Nevada is derived from the nearby Spanish mountain name i.e. Sierra Nevada Mountains; the meaning of it is snow-capped mountain range.
Nevada is officially known as the Silver State because of the significance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State" because it achieved statehood during the Civil War and the "Sagebrush State" for the local eponymous plant. In addition, Nevada is the fourth largest producer of gold in the world.
What happened to all of the old casino and business signs in Las Vegas? They're at the Neon Museum! Stroll the grounds for a blast from the past. Moreover, due to establishment of legalized gaming and lenient marriage and divorce proceedings in the 20th century, Nevada became a major tourist destination. In subsequent time, the tourism industry in Nevada became the largest employer.
The US State Nevada occupies 284,332 m², about 3,11 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Nevada with 2,998,039 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 50,03 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 2,197,546 fewer people. The capital Carson City alone has 54,745 inhabitants.
Carson City became the capital of the Nevada Territory in 1861 and stayed its capital when it became a state. Las Vegas has approximately 613,600 residents and the popular tourist destination is often thought to be the state capital.
The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet (4,000 m), harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species. The valleys are often no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet (910 m), while some in central Nevada are above 6,000 feet (1,800 m). The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert. The area receives less rain in the winter but is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer. The terrain is also lower, mostly below 4,000 feet (1,200 m), creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights. Nevada and California have by far the longest diagonal line (in respect to the cardinal directions) as a state boundary at just over 400 miles (640 km). This line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly 4 miles (6.4 km) offshore (in the direction of the boundary), and continues to the Colorado River where the Nevada, California, and Arizona boundaries merge 12 miles (19 km) southwest of the Laughlin Bridge. The largest mountain range in the southern portion of the state is the Spring Mountain Range, just west of Las Vegas. The state's lowest point is along the Colorado River, south of Laughlin. Nevada has 172 mountain summits with 2,000 feet (610 m) of prominence. Nevada ranks second in the United States by number of mountains, behind Alaska, and ahead of California, Montana, and Washington. Nevada is the most mountainous state in the contiguous United States. Nevada is the driest state in the United States. It is made up of mostly desert and semi-arid climate regions, and, with the exception of the Las Vegas Valley, the average summer diurnal temperature range approaches 40 °F (22 °C) in much of the state. While winters in northern Nevada are long and fairly cold, the winter season in the southern part of the state tends to be of short duration and mild. Most parts of Nevada receive scarce precipitation during the year. Most rain that falls in the state falls on the lee side (east and northeast slopes) of the Sierra Nevada.