Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada. Oregon is one of only four states of the continental United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km²), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U.S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
Oregon is known under different nicknames; aka Pacific Wonderland (previously used on license plates and available on an extra cost plate), or Webfoot State and detailed official information about Oregon can be found on the homepage at www. oregon.gov.
As shown in the Oregon location map that Oregon is located in the Mid-western part of the United States. Oregon map also shows that it shares its border with Washington in the north, Idaho in the east, Nevada in the south-east, and California in the south. Besides, Pacific Ocean lies in the west of the Oregon.
Capital city of Oregon is the Salem but the largest city of state is Portland. Geographically, the state has very much diverse feature ranging from Pacific coast in the west to the large desert in the eastern part of state; however, in between volcanoes, glaciated Cascade Mountains, dense evergreen forests, and waterfall lie.
Agriculture has larger contribution in the Oregon’s economy; the important crops are hazelnut, potatoes, peppermint, hops, apples and other fruits.
The Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area is quintessential Oregon, and no trip to the state (or region) is complete without a visit. Check out Multnomah Falls and the little town of Hood River (the latter of which is world renowned for wind surfing).
The US State Oregon occupies 248,609 m², about 2,72 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Oregon with 4,142,776 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 21,08 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 1,509,671 fewer people. The capital Salem alone has 177,019 inhabitants.
Salem was chosen as the capital of the territory of Oregon in 1851 and later designated the state capital in 1855. Salem's Waldo Park is only 12 by 20 feet and is one of the smallest parks in nation.
Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U.S., marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. At 11,249 feet (3,429 m), Mount Hood, a stratovolcano, is the state's highest point. Oregon's only national park, Crater Lake National Park, comprises the caldera surrounding Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States. The state is also home to the single largest organism in the world, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus that runs beneath 2,200 acres (8.9 km²) of the Malheur National Forest. Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, Oregon's economy is largely powered by various forms of agriculture, fishing, and hydroelectric power. Oregon is also the top timber producer of the contiguous United States, and the timber industry dominated the state's economy in the 20th century. Most of Oregon has a generally mild climate, though there is significant variation given the variety of landscapes across the state. The state's western region (west of the Cascade Range) has an oceanic climate, populated by dense evergreen mixed forests. Western Oregon's climate is heavily influenced by the Pacific Ocean; the western third of Oregon is very wet in the winter, moderately to very wet during the spring and fall, and dry during the summer. The relative humidity of Western Oregon is high except during summer days, which are semi-dry to semi-humid; Eastern Oregon typically sees low humidity year-round.